Kuwait Electoral Districts
The governmental system in Kuwait is a democratic one based on the participation between the ruler and his people. In fact, there are a lot of countries which represent such a participation in the decision-making process. Of course, this has to do with the governmental policies, the census, the geographical area, population structure, and many other factors that play an important role in specifying the most suitable participation mechanism in policy making.
In Kuwait, the legislator declared that the participation should be a National Assembly which consists of deputies elected by the people, council of ministers selected by the Emir, and ministers who should be selected by the Emir in order to form the ministry and they represent the government.
Forming a council of ministers is through appointing ministers by the Head of the Council of Ministers yet there is a problem when it comes to forming the fifty members of the National Assembly which are chosen by elections in electoral districts and it is organized by the elections law which has been updated and changed a lot since the last sixty years during which Kuwait has been practicing its political life.
Kuwait moved through four official stages in the electoral districts:
Stage1: 12 years (from 1963 to 1975 and it includes 7 councils for 5 electoral districts represented by 5 members).
Stage 2: 25 years (from1981 to 2002 and it includes 7 councils for 25 electoral districts represented by 2 members).
Stage 3: from 2008 to 2012 and it includes two councils in 5 electoral districts represented by 10 members and 4 votes for each elected.
Stage 4: 8 years (from 2012 to 2020 and it includes 2 councils in five electoral districts represented by 10 members and 4 votes for each elected.)
The justice achieved by the electoral districts in voting has been highly controversial and whether the latter suits the demographic bulge. In fact, there are some districts include a bigger number of inhabitants than others and this has to do with time as the more time advances, the newer cities appear and they are unequally added to the same districts. The main reason behind this is that the division of cities depends on its geographical location and consequently there is a large population in such places. Thus, the candidate may need more voices to win than other candidates in bigger districts.
There are a lot of claims to achieve justice through making Kuwait one electoral district and eradicating vote buying and sectarian division. This can be theoretical but it is highly important to build legal political parties which have good qualifications and which believe in the closed lists.
Lawyer Yousif Al-Hussainan